The United States Constitution Series

Motto from the title page of An Historical Review of the Constitution and Government of Pennsylvania,
an anonymous book published in 1759, attributed to Benjamin Franklin and Richard Jackson.
The quote is from a letter sent to the Governor by the Assembly, November 11, 1755.
A 40" wide print is included with the edition, inkjet on paper.

limited edition set

An Edition of 25 9 Copies of a Set of Ten Works by Richard Minsky

In 1993 Richard Minsky began working on a series about The Bill of Rights. This set of ten bookworks was first exhibited at the Louis K. Meisel Gallery April 27 through June 1, 2002. 

The works are not available individually.

You can also view the earlier unique objects, representing the first, second, and eighth amendments. They are unique works and are not included in this edition. Scroll down to see the works in the limited edition set.

Originally planned to be an edition of 25 sets, only nine were done when Minsky closed his New York City studio, and that is the edition size.


 click here to order a set

click here to schedule an exhibition

Read the review in The New York Times
Read the Review in the St. Paul Pioneer Press
Read the
Article in Fine Books & Collections

The Bill of Rights edition is in the permanent collections of
Yale University
The Art Institute of Chicago

Amendment I

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

Issued February 19, 2001

The First Amendment

Reliquary for the Ashes of Salman Rushdie's Satanic Verses.

Click to see a larger imageUpon publication the author lost the freedoms of Press, Religion, Speech and Assembly in some countries. The Fatwah issued on Rushdie, and the book-burnings made headlines around the world. The First Amendment: click here for another view The fact that an ancient form of censorship exists in the 21st century warrants the inclusion of this book in the series. Not the book-burning kit of the earlier unique work, this is a new book-shaped reliquary containing the burned book. Click the burning book for another view. This is copy No. I, and was burned on 01/01/01. On the left is the book after the burning, before being placed in the reliquary. 

Above: copy number I
click the image for more views

Amendment II

A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.

Issued April 22, 2002

The Second Amendment

Gathering Storm: America's Militia Threat

by Morris Dees with James Corcoran

Morris Dees is the Chief Trial Counsel of the Southern Poverty Law Center. This book documents the hate group roots of the militia movement. Dees is intimately familiar with the players. Militia spokesman and former Ku Klux Klan Grand Dragon Louis Beam was prosecuted by Dees when he led the KKK intimidation of Vietnamese fishermen in Texas. Dees' office was firebombed, and his commitment to freedom has made him a target of racist assassins. The front endpaper (detail, left: inkjet and gold leaf on Rives BFK) is an image of the author as a target. The halo is gold leaf, as in medieval and Renaissance icons.

This book has a substantial photo section which includes William Pierce, leader of the racist National Alliance and author of the 1978 novel The Turner Diaries (which tells the "history" of the successful Aryan Revolution and is believed to be the manual used by Timothy McVeigh in planning the Oklahoma City bombing). Other detailed players with photos are John Trochmann, founder of the Militia of Montana and Christian Identity's Pete Peters, whose followers include the Army of Israel militia. This sect believes the Aryans are the true Jews and the people who call themselves Jews are literally descended from Satan. They consider this a Holy War. 

The Militia movement in the United States expanded dramatically in the mid 1990's. Spurred by the Randy Weaver incident at Ruby Ridge and the catastrophe at Waco, fear of government abuse led to militia organizations in every State. Many militias then broke into small cells of about five members, a strategy followed by the Al Quaeda network. 

Current reports on hate groups and militias are online at the Southern Poverty Law Center.

The binding is camouflage leather foil stamped in black with quotes from the text on the front and back covers. The protective enclosure is camouflage cotton cloth with the text of the second amendment printed inkjet on khaki cloth. 

Amendment III

No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

Issued December 27, 2001

The Third Amendment

Seven Days in May

by Fletcher Knebel and Charles W. Bailey, with a dvd of the film starring Burt Lancaster and Kirk Douglas, directed by John Frankenheimer, screenplay by Rod Serling.

The Third Amendment sets a clear boundary on military authority. In this classic story the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is seeking to quarter himself in The White House.

Attaché Case: 12" x 14" x 4" (closed). The text of the third amendment is stamped in 23k gold on black board, in a recessed panel inside the case cover. The book is bound in blue calf with 23k gold title on spine. Inlaid seal is lacquered inkjet on Rives BFK mounted on 2-ply museum board. Endpapers are blue Canson Mi-Teintes.

click any picture to see more

click any picture to see more

Amendment IV

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

Issued March 13, 2002

The Fourth Amendment

by William Gibson

The novel that introduced us to Cyberspace. Every day there are more issues about government searches of our emails, web habits, and hard drives. You can read about the implications at The Electronic Frontier Foundation.

The book was originally issued as a paperback in 1984 and received major awards for science fiction writing. The binding is in limp black leather, to preserve the soft feel of the paperback. A shuriken (Ninja throwing star) is on the cover, and is an image that appears throughout the text. The pink slipcase has the text of the fourth amendment hot-stamped in hologram foil on one side. The hologram makes the text appear as colored digital code from a distance. 

On the other side of the case (Case is also the name of the protagonist) is an embedded Network Interface Card. In the novel, Case jacks into the cyberspace network through a neural interface. 

Click on any photo to see larger images and more views.

Amendment V

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

The Fifth Amendment: BrasnchesIssued May 24, 2000

The Fifth Amendment


by Mitch Cullin
illustrated by Ryuzo Kikushima

Written in the first person as the story of a Sheriff in Texas who is judge, jury and executioner.

Each copy of the book has 9mm bullet holes shot through the cover, a Sheriff badge, and the title is affixed as a name badge. This edition of Branches includes color prints of the 16 illustrations, tipped in over the black and white reproductions in the book. You can also see more details of the binding and illustrations.

The Fifth Amendment version of this edition is available only to the  subscribers of The Bill of Rights series, and includes a box made of the same uniform fabric as the book, with a black leather holster bearing the foil stamped text of The Fifth Amendment sewn to the cover.


Amendment VI

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.

Issued September 13, 2001

The Sixth Amendment

The Run of His Life : The People v. O.J. Simpson
by Jeffrey Toobin

This was the most public trial in history, with many questions about the jury, witnesses and defense counsel. It occupied the television networks day and night. Before the trial began, the author wrote in The New Yorker that the defense would play the "race card" and claim Mark Fuhrman was a racist who was framing Simpson because he was black. 

This binding is black leather, with doublures (inside cover) and hinge of the same leather. A black leather glove is on the cover, and acrylic paint. The title is foil stamped in P. T. Barnum, a typeface chosen because of the circus-like environment of the trial. The endpaper (inset) represents "The Race Card."

Click on any photo to see larger images.


click any picture to see more

The prosecution made a major error by having the accused try on the bloodstained black leather glove, which had shrunk, with an additional latex glove to prevent biocontamination. Simpson made a show of not being able to get it on. The defense line was "If it doesn't fit, you must acquit."

Right: close-up detail of "The Race Card" on the endpaper. It represents the defendant trying on the glove, holding a big knife (rather than the traditional sword), with blood dripping from the lower knife.


In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

Issued April 10, 2002

The Seventh Amendment

The Litigation Explosion:
What Happened When America Unleashed the Lawsuit
by Walter K. Olson

In 1789 twenty dollars went a long way. Since the 1970's "civil" lawsuits have flooded the judicial system. Now a multibillion dollar business, the litigation industry proceeds on flimsy pretexts, preceding a search for evidence. 

The spine of the binding is gold leather with the title foil stamped in silver (neither is the genuine metal). The gold and silver make it hard to decipher. The covers appear to be a collage of $20 bills, but closer examination reveals them to be artificial as well. Jackson has been replaced by James Madison, whose signature replaces that of the Secretary of the Treasury, and whose title reads Father of the Bill of Rights. The text of the Seventh Amendment is superimposed on the treasury seal, and there are several other changes. 

The slipcase is covered with court calendar listings from the New York Law Journal. On any day you may find 20 broadside pages listing lawsuits in New York. It is coated with two layers of ultraviolet filter acrylic.

Below: Three details of the cover art.


Amendment VIII

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

Issued March 1 , 2002

The Eighth Amendment

Forlorn Hope: The Prison Reform Movement
by  Larry E. Sullivan

During the 1990's the drive toward prison reform reversed. Prison libraries were closed, chain gangs and striped uniforms came back, and prison populations increased. The book is bound in stripes with the word "CONVICT" on the back cover, printed inkjet on canvas, and is chained to a miniature jail cell of painted wood.

click on any photo to see larger images. 

Amendment IX

The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

Issued October 15, 2000

The Ninth Amendment

The Right to Privacy
by Ellen Alderman and Caroline Kennedy

We all assume we have a right to privacy, but every day that right seems to diminish. From our personal data on the internet to telemarketing at dinnertime, we are barraged. And that's just the tip of it. This book identifies many serious legal issues surrounding privacy considerations. 

When people become public figures the violation of privacy becomes extreme. Occasionally those of us not in the public eye are reminded just how dangerous and invasive the thirst for vicarious living can be. The binding is an inkjet print on canvas of Princess Diana, with tabloid headlines on the back cover and endpapers with photos of her wrecked car. It comes in a velour lined black cloth box with the text of the ninth amendment printed on a Fabriano Roma label.

If you want to read the book, click to order The Right to Privacy online as a paperback. This link also will bring up other books on the privacy issue.

click a picture to see larger images

Amendment X

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.

Issued July 31, 2001

The Tenth Amendment

USSC No. 00-949
by The Supreme Court of The United States of America

This is the decision of the Supreme Court in the landmark case that determined the outcome of the 2000 election, Bush vs. Gore. This ruling, overturning a decision of the Florida Supreme Court, is arguably the most significant Federal intervention in states' rights in modern history. The edition was designed by Minsky using the texts of Justices concurring and dissenting opinions. It is printed by photocopy from the output of the Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) file downloaded by Minsky from the Supreme Court website the day it was issued, December 12, 2000. The paper is Southworth  100% cotton fiber paper. The binding is in classic law book style of full leather with raised bands. Red and black leather labels have the title in 23k gold and the roman numeral "X", in a cloth slipcase with the text of the tenth amendment inset in gold on black board.

Normally we see the red label on top and the black one on the bottom, so there seems to be something subtly wrong. The title is also somewhat uneven and not exactly on the level. So at the same time as this volume looks like a classic law book from a distance, close inspection reveals this contemporary interpretation to be disturbing and somewhat crooked.

Click any image to see more pictures 

Click here for links to educational and other resources about the Bill of Rights

To continue the exhibition, click one of the sections or a button. 
Each section has several thumbnail images and descriptions of the works. You can click on any image for a page about that work, with larger pictures and details. 

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©2014 Richard Minsky